TiGRE Webinars

Trust & Regulatory Governance in an Age of Crisis

A series of research seminars to the scholarly
community and the general public

Seminar Goals
Issues of trust and regulation stand at the centre of social science analysis in the last decades. They are becoming even more important nowadays with the Covid-19 crisis. Our aim in this series of seminar talks is to present the basic scholarly concepts and ideas around the topic; to promote an advanced analysis and to discuss the issues on the agenda from a theoretical, historical and comparative perspective.
Series Editors
Tobias BachUniversity of Oslo Jacint JordanaIBEI and University of Pompu Fabra Stephan GrimmelikhuijsenUtrecht University David Levi-FaurJerusalem Forum on Regulation and Governance; Hebrew University of Jerusalem Martino Maggetti University of Lausanne Ioannis PapadopoulosUniversity of Lausanne Heidi Houlberg SalomonsenAarhus University Rahel ShomakerSpeyer University Koen VerhoestUniversity of Antwerpen - GOVTRUST

First seminar

Trustworthy Government and
Legitimating Beliefs

Professor Margaret Levi

Wednesday, November 11, 2020
11:00 PST 14:00 EST 19:00 GMT 20:00 CET 21:00 Jerusalem
David Levi-Faur
Contemporary circumstances reveal the distinction between trustworthy provision of goods and services, on the one hand, and the legitimacy of those in power, on the other hand. It is that distinction I want to explore.
Margaret Levi is Sara Miller McCune Director of the Center for Advanced Study in the Behavioral Sciences (CASBS) and professor of political science, Stanford University. She earned her BA from Bryn Mawr College and PhD from Harvard University. She is the 2019 recipient of the Johan Skytte Prize. She was president of the American Political Science Association and is a fellow of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, the American Academy of Political and Social Sciences, the American Philosophical Society, and the National Academy of Sciences. She was a John Simon Guggenheim Fellow. Her books include: Of Rule and Revenue; Consent, Dissent, and Patriotism; Analytic Narratives; Cooperation without Trust?; and In the Interest of Others. She is general coeditor of the Annual Review of Political Science and an editor of Cambridge Studies in Comparative Politics and of PNAS. Her research is on the conditions that evoke citizen compliance, trust, and the willingness to act in the interest of others.

Second seminar

Trust and Vaccination

Professor Koen Verhoest

Wednesday, November 18, 2020
07:00 PST 10:00 EST 15:00 GMT 16:00 CET 17:00 Jerusalem
Martino Maggetti
Large-scale vaccination with an eventual COVID19 vaccine is considered by most governments and citizens to be the ultimate solution of the current health crisis. However, vaccination hesitancy, intensified by anti-vax movements, is a major problem, both in normal times and in health crises. During this seminar, Koen Verhoest, will together with Dr. Sophie Op de Beeck and Dr. Monika Glavina, review the theoretical and empirical insights in literature on the effect of trust on vaccination hesitancy and vaccination refusal and discuss its explanatory power in relation to other relevant factors. They will also discuss recent findings on vaccination hesitancy in the context of the COVID19 crisis.
Koen Verhoest is Research Professor in Public Governance with a research interest in issues on autonomy, coordination, collaboration as well as trust in a public governance context in general, including in the context of regulatory governance. He is the coordinator of the multi-disciplinary GOVTRUST Centre of Excellence (focussing on trust and distrust in multi-level governance) and spokesperson of the Politics & Public Governance research group at the University of Antwerp. He is/has been involved in large comparative research projects like COBRA-CRIPO on autonomy of agencies, TROPICO on digital transformation and collaboration (H2020), PSI-CO on innovation through collaboration and TiGRE (H2020) on trust in regulation. He has publications in high level journals like Governance, Regulation & Governance, Public Administration Review, Public Administration and Public Management Review. He has co-authored and –edited five books, like ‘Government Agencies: Practices and Lessons from 30 Countries’ and ‘Coordination of Public Sector Organizations’ with Guy Peters and Geert Bouckaert. His latest volume, co-edited with Frederique Six is on ‘Trust in Regulatory Regimes’ (2017, Edward Elgar). He was co-chair of the ECPR Standing Group on Regulatory Governance from 2012 till 2016.

Third seminar

Political Orientation, Trust in Social and Political Institutions and Adoption of Protective Behavior During the Pandemic

Professor Gustavo Mesch

Thursday, November 26, 2020
07:00 PST 10:00 EST 15:00 GMT 16:00 CET 17:00 Jerusalem
David Levi-Faur
The current worldwide COVID19 pandemic has required the rapid and drastic adoption of social distancing and protective measures as the leading method for reducing the spread of the disease and death. Recreancy is the concept used to describe the relationship between trust and risk. In this perspective the element of trust refers to the public’s trust that social institutions will respond to social risks (Freudenberg, 1993). In social risk situations, such as epidemics, trust in the government to respond effectively, trust in health institutions to provide accurate guidelines on prevention and treatment, and trust in the media to provide accurate information are important for the public to feel that their health interests will be attended to in the best manner possible (Shao and Hao, 2020).The COVID-19 pandemic provides an opportunity to investigate cross culturally the sources of trust in social and political institutions and how this trust is converted in adoption of social distance and preventive measures. In this presentation, I will discuss and present empirical evidence on the role of political identification and trust in social institutions translated in different results in Brazil, U.S.A., China and Israel. Our findings highlight the role of partisan membership as a fundamental source of trust in the government and how different approaches resulted in different social policies eroding the trust of citizens in the political sytems and their ability to deal with the pandemic crisis.
Gustavo Mesch, is a Professor of Sociology and the rector of the University of Haifa. He studied his BA and MA studies at the University of Haifa, and received his PhD from the Ohio State University (1993). His research career focus on the social effects of Internet and mobile communication, social networks online and offline and technology and Social Capital. He was elected and served as the Chair of the Research Section on Information and Communication Technologies of the American Sociological Association, Member of the Board of the Israeli Internet Society, and Editor in Chief of the Sociological Focus. He was twice the Chair of the Department of Sociology and Anthropology and the Dean of the Paul & Herta Amir Faculty of Social Sciences, a position he left after The Senate of the University of Haifa elected him as the Rector of the University (2016). In recent years has built on his extensive research on online trust, and expanded to the role of trust in political and social institutions and their role in vaccine hesitancy and the adoption of protective behaviors during the COVID-19. He has conducted a study on Brazil, Israel, China and the U.S. trust in political institutions and adoption of social distance and protective behaviors during the month of March 2020.

Fourth seminar

Trust, Polarization and Excess Mortality for COVID-19 across European regions

Professor Victor Lapuente

Thursday, December 3, 2020
07:00 PST 10:00 EST 15:00 GMT 16:00 CET 17:00 Jerusalem
Yannis Papadopoulos
Why some territories have performed better than others in the fight against COVID-19? Building on previous literature showing that both social trust and institutional trust are protective factors against epidemics, this paper explores how social and political divisions may explain the remarkable regional differences in excess mortality during the first wave of the COVID-19 pandemic. First, we argue that it is not only levels, but also variations in trust among citizens – in particular, between government supporters and non-supporters – what matters for understanding why people in some regions have adopted more pro-healthy behavior. Second, we hypothesize that polarization among political parties is also linked to higher mortality, for it is more difficult for governments to build consensus with opposition parties to undertake unpopular yet necessary measures, and more tempting to take measures aimed at satisfying core constituencies (e.g. business interests) rather than at controlling the pandemic. Using a novel dataset on excess mortality, trust and political polarization for 153 European regions, we find evidence of how social and political divisions are associated to more deaths.
Victor Lapuente is a Professor and Research Fellow at the Department of Political Science of the University of Gothenburg, and Visiting Professor at ESADE Business School, Barcelona. He received his PhD in Political Science from the University of Oxford. He has published in academic journals of political science, public administration, and economics. He is the author, together with Carl Dahlström of Organizing Leviathan (Cambridge University Press, 2017).

Fifth seminar

Contestable trust and democratic governance

Professor Valerie Braithwaite

Thursday, December 10, 2020
21:00 AEDT 10:00 GMT 11:00 CET 12:00 Jerusalem
David Levi-Faur
This lecture will approach trust and its importance for sustainable democracy from the perspective of individual citizens: What they need and what they believe. On the one hand, our current institutions are serving these needs very well, in no small part by moulding choices and tastes to suit what powerful governments and large corporations are wanting to deliver. On the other hand, these same institutions are delegitimizing themselves as respected authorities at an alarming rate. For many citizens, deference to them and the power they wield is difficult to accept. In this way the democratic fabric of our societies is incrementally being weakened. How do we change this trend? How do we build contestable trust and realistic collective hopes for our society? This lecture will provide insights into the human dimensions of trust and hope that should be considered as we adapt to new institutional settings emerging with new technologies, environmental catastrophes, global pandemics and the social havoc and unrest that they bring.
Valerie Braithwaite is an interdisciplinary scholar and professor of regulatory studies in RegNet, School of Regulation and Global Governance, ANU. With a disciplinary background in psychology, her work focuses on the interplay between regulators and regulatees, the governing and the governed, asking the questions: What kind of institutional practices generate defiance and disrespect? What role does social capital play in regulatory effectiveness and regulatory failure? How should regulators manage the ebb and flow of trust and hope among those they regulate and become leaders in promoting learning communities? In collaboration with colleagues and doctoral students, the ways in which individuals and groups engage with regulations imposed by government and other authorities are addressed in fields as diverse as caregiving, aged care, taxation, school and workplace bullying, work safety, migration, agriculture, child protection, charities and education.

Sixth seminar

Trust in digital technologies: from contact-tracing apps to policies for Trustworthy AI

Professor Andrea Renda

Tuesday, December 15, 2020
07:00 PST 10:00 EST 15:00 GMT 16:00 CET 17:00 Jerusalem
David Levi-Faur
The ongoing digital transformation of government and markets is accompanied by a decline of trust in both public authorities and tech giants. From Cambridge Analytica to the Dutch SyRi case, citizens increasingly invoke rules for a fairer and more transparent use of powerful technologies such as Artificial Intelligence (AI) and the Internet of Things: the hectic debate emerged during the COVID-19 pandemic on the use of digital technologies to contain the spread of the contagion is consistent with this trend. The European Union is responding with a new wave of regulation on digital platforms, data spaces, cybersecurity, and in particular AI. Will this lead to defining what is trust in digital technology? Does this imply changing the Internet, and the way we use it?
Andrea Renda is a Senior Research Fellow and Head of the Global Governance, Regulation, Innovation and the Digital Economy at CEPS in Brussels. He is Part-Time Professor of Digital Policy at the School of Transnational Governance of the European University Institute, in Florence. Andrea is a non-resident Senior Fellow at Duke University’s Kenan Institute for Ethics; Visiting Professor of Competition Policy and the Digital Economy at the College of Europe in Bruges; a Fellow of the World Academy of Arts and Science; a CITI Fellow at Columbia University’s Centre for Tele-Information. He is a member of the International Advisory Panel of the European Parliamentary Research Centre STOA Centre for AI; a member of the EU High Level Expert Group on Artificial Intelligence; and a member of the advisory group on Economic and Societal Impacts of Research (ESIR), for the European Commission, DG Research and Innovation. He currently leads two large-scale research projects funded by the EU: TRIGGER (Trends in Global Governance and Europe’s Role); and PERISCOPE (“Pan-European Response to the Impacts of COVID-19 and future Pandemics and Epidemics”). His current research interests include regulation and policy evaluation, regulatory governance, innovation and competition policies, and the ethical and policy challenges of emerging digital technologies, in particular Artificial Intelligence.

Seventh seminar

Trust and Rule Compliance

Professor Frédérique Six

Thursday, December 17, 2020
07:00 PST 10:00 EST 15:00 GMT 16:00 CET 17:00 Jerusalem
Jacint Jordana
As the Covid-19 crisis proceeds, motivating citizens to continue to comply with regulations that impact heavily on the life that they were accustomed to before the outbreak, gets more and more challenging. The literature shows convincing evidence that trust in government (regulator) has a positive impact on rule compliance, both under normal conditions and in times of crisis. In this lecture I explore and compare insights from several theoretical perspectives and provide implications for practice.
Frédérique Six is visiting professor in the GOVTRUST Centre of Excellence, University of Antwerp and associate professor at Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam. Her research focuses on trust in public governance and in particular the relationship between trust and control. She applies this to how frontline workers do their work with clients, how organizations collaborate and co-produce; to internal governance issues; and to regulation. She obtained an MSc in Environmental Engineering from Wageningen University, an MBA from INSEAD and a PhD from Erasmus University Rotterdam. She has published in major journals such as Journal of Management Studies, Public Management Review, Journal of Comparative Policy Analysis and European Management Journal; and co-edited books, for example, Trust in regulatory regimes (with Koen Verhoest, 2018) and The trust process (with Bart Nooteboom, 2003). She is on the strategic advisory board of the The Netherlands Food and Consumer Product Safety Authority and associate editor of Journal of Trust Research.

Eighth seminar

Trust and distrust in transformations

Professor Dominika Latusek-Jurczak

Thursday, January 14, 2021
06:00 PST 09:00 EST 14:00 GMT 15:00 CET 16:00 Jerusalem
Edoardo Guaschino
Is trust always necessary for effective functioning of complex systems such as organizations or societies? If communities are pervaded with distrust, how can they start reverting the vicious cycles and build trust, or – at least – stop escalating distrust? How this can be done in contemporary VUCA (volatile, uncertain, complex, ambiguous) world? Or perhaps it would be wise to move beyond trust-distrust dichotomy and look for ways alternative or complementary to trust in organizing our collective lives? In this lecture I will explore questions around the processes of trust and distrust as well as dynamics between them through integrating insights from several theoretical and empirical perspectives.
Dominika Latusek is a professor of management and organization theory; member of the Polish Young Academy, head of the Department of Management and the Center for Trust Studies at Kozminski University (Poland). She worked as a visiting scholar and Fulbright fellow at the Institute for Research in Social Sciences at Stanford University. Her main areas of research are inter-organizational relationships, trust and distrust. Her research experience includes qualitative field studies of organizations in Germany, Poland, Sweden and in Silicon Valley in the U.S. She published her work in journals such as European Management Journal, Kyklos, and Management Learning. She served on the Board of National Center for Research and Development in Poland and now is a member of the Supervisory Board of the oldest investment fund company in Poland (Pekao).
This project has received funding from the European Union's Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under grant agreement No 870722 (TiGRE).